There are many types of cancers which are not included on this website. To find out more information, speak to an adult you know.


Bones are more than just a frame for our body. They also make new blood cells that grow in the soft part inside our bones, called bone marrow. Bone cancer happens when cancer cells grow in the bones, or the soft tissue near bones.

Treatment might be surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.


The brain is your body’s control centre. It helps you think, taste, smell, hear, speak, feel and move.  Brain cancer happens when abnormal cells start growing in the brain.

Treatment is usually surgery and radiotherapy.


Our blood contains white blood cells that help clean germs out of our bodies. When white blood cells become cancerous, it’s called lymphoma (say lim-FOE-ma). Lymphoma can affect the stomach, chest, neck and other parts of the body.

Treatment includes chemotherapy and radiotherapy.


Leukaemia (say loo-KEE-mee-uh) means cancer of the blood. It happens when white blood cells (cells that clean out germs) don’t grow properly. They can’t do their job of defending the body against germs and disease – basically making sure we get better when we get sick.

The main treatment for leukaemia is chemotherapy.


Nerves send messages to our brain and organs to help keep our bodies working. Neuroblastoma (say new-row-blast-oh-mah) is when cancer cells grow in some of these nerves – usually around the back, chest or neck.

Treatment is usually surgery and chemotherapy.


Doctors call the muscles, nerves and fat in our body ‘soft tissues’.  Soft tissue sarcoma happens when cancer cells grow in some of these parts of your body – the soft tissues.

Treatment is often surgery and chemotherapy.


Your kidneys sit behind your stomach. There are two of them and their job is to clean your blood and get rid of any waste from your body. A Wilms’ tumour happens when cancer cells grow in the kidney.

Treatment can include surgery and chemotherapy.

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